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How to write case study in law exam

Writing a case study is usually a heck of a problem for most law students. Despite having a grasp of this subject, the process is often challenging, as it requires lots of thinking. The problem worsens when you have to write a case study in a law exam. Unfortunately, this is part and parcel of law exams. There is no way you can evade it. Hence you need to do everything in your will power not only to master this subject but also in writing it excellently.

So, how do you go about the subject to ensure that craft is a perfect piece? No need to worry, as this article covers everything that you should know about the case study law exam and how you can nail it or even get A+.

 For any case study to be successful, you need to consider the following facts:

  • Deep analysis- studying the subject is necessary. Analysis ensures that you don't leave any part of the study unturned as you review a case from different angles.
  • Taking notes- this vital part of a case study as it enables you to jot down important and relevant facts.
  • Gathering facts- you don't want your work to be full of rumors. Hence for an excellent case study, facts are a must.
  • Coming up with the best results- once you identify the problem, you need to look into ways to come up with the perfect solutions. Even when you write a case study in a law exam, you shouldn't forget this vital point.

What Is A Law Case Study?

A law case study is a detailed and intensive unit; it studies a person, group, or social phenomena. You conduct a study on a case a judge has solved. Additionally, it investigates a problem; examine alternative solutions with supporting evidence. You can use a case study to determine the success or failure of any law case. Through tackling case study, students can catch a glimpse and understand how court proceeding operates, and how a judge solves a case.

 You can use one law to solve different case scenarios, hence the need for a case study. Studying this is important for law students and has been effective in line with their careers. Not only does it increase their critical thinking abilities, but it also enhances their situation analysis. Additionally, it helps students in finding answers and solutions to critical problems. When you write a case study in a law exam, you have to include the plaintiff and defendant and present the information in a narrative form. 

How to Structure a Law Case Study

Read To Understand and Comprehend the Case

Once you've identified the case in which you should study, you should be ready to tackle your paper. But before that, check if the case meets the following criteria:

  • Provide new or unexpected insights into the subject you are studying;
  • Challenge the existing theories;
  • Propose practical courses and clear directions to conduct future tests.

You can't write a case study when you don't have the grasp of the subject. You need to ensure you understand what you will be covering entirely. Read the case study opinions and facts then, analyze the situation carefully. Examine the case while taking short notes. You need to highlight the relevant points that will enable you to tackle this case and underline the fundamental problems. Reading and examining case studies varies from case to case. Lastly, all cases are different in their own way, and when you write law case study exams, you should never forget this fact.

Focus Your Analysis

You need to identify 2 to 5 fundamental problems when you write a case study in law exams. Why do they exist? What are the impacts, and who's responsible for these problems? Once you focus on these issues, you will be steering towards the right direction of your case. In the opening paragraphs, you need to introduce the protagonists. Also, state the topic of the case. Don't forget to discuss the complete set of the question.

Discuss the Synopsis in Your Own Words

Drafting a summary is important, as it means you have completely understood the case. You need to describe all the characters of your story chronologically and the problems they bring into the table. You should use your words to achieve clarity while crafting this section. Depending on the case you are handling, some cases will require you to give the background context at the beginning of the paper.

Uncover Possible Solutions

You need to try, which are the best solutions that would fit your needs and bring about the best solutions. You can identify a possible solution from reviewing course readings, recalling discussions, and your own experiences. Brainstorming is an excellent way of finding some possible solutions.

Select the Best Solutions

After brainstorming possible solutions and noting them down, you need to check and examine the strength and weaknesses of your answers. Consider strong supporting evidence plus their pros and cons.

Use IRAC (Issue, the Rule of Law, Analysis, and Conclusion) For Analyzing the Legal Process and Your Reasoning

IRAC is the rule, application, and conclusion method. Following the method when you write a case study in a law exam, you have to first discover and identify the issues in the case. It's formulaic and simple. Also, it's the best way to come up with answers if you've got a problem when it comes to answering your law exam questions.


Without discovering the issue present, you can't solve the case. There must be a problem which needs a solution. The issue would not be visible; hence you will need to look for it. You should, therefore, carefully study the case to discover the issue. Problems vary depending on the matter. Examples include negligence, malpractice, abuse of power, several liabilities, amongst other subjects. One case can have several issues; hence there is a need to discuss the problems separately.

Lastly, before proceeding to the next step, ask yourself if you spotted the issue that the model writer intended. Ask yourself if you missed any important issues while tackling the paper. Check if the matters you included were relevant for the case.

The rule of law

This next step is important and also crucial to enable you to achieve the results you want. You need to determine the rule of law that you should incorporate in your case study. For every issue you discover, find the best rule of law. Ensure they are relevant. Otherwise, you will lose marks. Don't note down every rule of law you know, when you write a case study in a law exam. Remember, you aren't there to please the professor. You need to review each rule of law cautiously. If you choose false law, you will waste the complete course work. You require reasonable care, thorough research, and command on different rules of laws.


You need to analyze the case study to understand the particular or possible solutions to the case presented. You need to relate your practical part with the theory part when you write a case study in a law exam. You need not only to suggest a solution but also have to support your suggested solution with facts, along with relevant case laws.

You should ensure that the rule of law you've chosen is fit for the application. Once you've selected a perfect rule to solve the case study, you should apply it to the situations you've discovered. You need to make lawyerly arguments on behalf of the defendant and also the plaintiff. Try imagining what the plaintiff would argue out and what the defendant would say on their part. You should be creative when making your arguments. You should argue based on the facts or law and how you integrate it in one way or another. Also, you can state the policy reason and state why the case should turn one way and not another.

You can also argue based on why one needs to use model rule instead of traditional rule and vice versa. Or you can state why one should opt for statute instead of common law rule and vice versa. Alternatively, you can indicate why one needs to use majority rather than minority rule and vice versa.

When you write a case study in a law exam, most of your arguments will result from your class discussions. Try to recall what your professor said and what you've certainly read.


The conclusion is the last part of this writing. You need to make your conclusion based on the reasons why an issue was raised basing on the rule of law and using the judgment of relevant case laws. Don't let your outcome be inconclusive. When it comes to finalizing your case study, you should write your final verdict of each situation in the case study. Don't say either the plaintiff or defendant could win. Instead, state the plaintiff is likely to win for the defendant. 

Drafting the case study

Once you've finished the preparation of the case and gathering the necessary information, it's time to draft your case study.


In the introduction section, identify any key problems or issues. State and formulate a thesis and summarize the outcome of your analysis.


When you write a case study in a law exam, the background sets the scene. It includes relevant information and the most important issues. It indicates your researched problem.


Evaluation of the case outline varies depending on the case you are tackling. Evaluate the case study pieces by determining what's working and what's not. Explain why these parts of the case study aren't working well.

Proposed solutions

State the precise answer or changes on the case needs. Explain why you opted for the solution and also support it with concrete evidence.


Discuss strategies for accomplishing the proposed solution. Recommend further action to resolve the issue. Lastly, state what needs to be done and by who.

Finalizing the case

Go over your work and check for any inconsistencies. Check if the thesis statement is clear and evidence solid. Don't forget to edit and proofread your work before submitting it.&

Mistakes to Avoid When You Write Case Study in Law Exam

You want to ensure you've captured all the necessary details when you write a case study in law exams. Of course, you need a lot of time and excellent analyzing skills to ensure that you come up with a superb piece. The following are some common mistakes you should avoid and how you can fix them.

Forgetting to tell a story

Stories are essential parts of case studies. They don't only capture the attention of the reader but also enable you to express yourself perfectly. Don't forget to include this part when you write a case study in a law exam. You should write your case study in the third person to make your writing credible. You need to have a hero in the story. Carefully write down the challenges they are encountering. State the solution to the problem. Lastly, don't forget to include the outcomes.

Failing To Have a Focus

Focus is important in your case study. Set a goal of what you expect your final results to be. You need to have a theme, plus a point of view. Also, you should find out about the perspectives of the people you are writing about to enhance the focus.

Forgetting To Share Background and Details

Your case study should contain enough information to fit the reader. You need to collect all your facts together before you write a case study in a law exam. With background information, you will be able to understand the case better and also tackle it in the perfect way possible. Without the relevant background information, you could end up with unpleasant results.

Knowing Your Audience

When you know who your audience is, you will carefully want to present the relevant and necessary results to them. You will know which issues to address. Knowing who your audience is will enable you to write words that would pique their interests. In this scenario, the professors are your audience.

When you write a case study in a law exam, you need to be careful with your words. Carefully look for issues, analyze them, and come up with possible solutions. As much as it is a tiresome process, the results at the end will always be worth your efforts.

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