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What is an essay format

The word 'essay' derives from a Latin word, which translates as 'any case' roughly. So it can be said that it is a short piece of writing representing any arguments from one side or experiences, stories, etc. from the other. An essay is a very personalized document.

Types of Essay:

Persuasive essay

It is a type of essay which includes academic writing in which the writer uses logic and arguments to convince the reader to the point of view by using valid evidence from a research article, research paper, stating facts, examples from published material, and quotes from the experts.

Narrative Essay

A narrative essay is a type of essay that includes the story from the writer's point of view and his experience providing and specific to the location sensory details to involve the reader in the situation and understand the concept of the essay.

Expositor essay

 It is also a type of essay where the writer investigates the topic by evaluating the evidence and expounding the idea to describe and explain the point to the reader.

Research essay&n

 It is a type of academic paper where the writer needs to analyze the work of others on the specific topic and synthesize that with his ideas on it. In other words, the research essay is to analyze the others saying on the particular problem, argue their points, and present them all according to his ideas in new formatting and generate further information from old evidence. 

What is the essay format?

An essay format is a series of guidelines that determine how the paper should be organized or arranged. First of all, the writer should outline the information about what to write in the essay. Writers can't write an impressive or informative essay without an essay outline. An essay outline is a plan of academic paper. It consists of structured main points which are organized into different paragraphs so that it helps the writer to write essays easier. They help the writer in the following ways:

  • It helps the writer to organize the thoughts, especially when the writer gets tons of information or data from the supportive research articles that hard to remember.
  • Through organized data, the writer understands the flow of information and is able to structure it according to the requirement of the essay topic.
  • It helps the writer not to miss anything while writing an essay as all data are mentioned in the ready manuscript of paper.
  • It helps to write academic work better and faster.

How to format an essay? 

Now a day essay has no proper or rigid format. It should not be confined to limited boundaries as it is a creative process. But there is a basic formulated structure that should be followed generally while writing an essay. Have a look at the general structure or format of an essay.

As mentioned above, the essay formatting is a series of guidelines. These guidelines cover the title page, basic structure of composition, outcome, citation, etc. The basic structure of the essay comprises of mainly three parts. These parts are the introduction, body, and conclusion of the article. By following this format, anyone can write and organize a perfect essay on any topic and specific assignment.

When formatting a paper, the writer needs to have a title page, properly structured essay, text capitalization, proper citation, in-text citation, the writer should know how to make a hook of an essay.

How to create a title page?

  • Use double space in your page, do not use single space
  • Use "12" font size and "Times New Roman" as a font style
  • Mention your institute name
  • Beneath the name of institute mention the title of your paper
  • Towards the bottom of your article mention your name, your course, registration number, and instructor name

The first page of the essay

Before beginning the writing, the writer should structure the first page of the article in the following manners:

  • Enter the header; it should be continued throughout the report except for the citation page.
  • Place all heading of the essay at the left-hand corner of the paper.
  • Write the title an inch below the top edge of the paper. Keep the title at the center of the article.
  • Write the first introductory paragraph of the essay after the title.


The first paragraph is with the heading of "Introduction," where the writer introduces the topic to guide the reader about the paper. It should be started with the hook to attract the reader and to catch the interest of the reader. This hook should be a quote, an analogy, and a proverb. This strategy engaged the reader to build interest to make a start with a new question that answered in the essay. After achieving the first task, the attention of the reader, the introduction should give some background information related to the topic of the article. The idea of the question should be general to understand. The central claim for the reader and gradually move to the specific point of your essay; simply, it can be said that through a particular spot at the end of the introductory paragraph, anyone can give a brief proposal or synopsis of his article. This point or statement briefly explains the main idea of the essay; it set the main limitations of the topic. It works as the road map for the whole article, which represents the main points the writer used to support his ideas to the reader.


The body is the main crux and most important content of the essay, which sandwiched between the introduction and the conclusion. It supports the main points of the theme in the essay. It is not to confine one paragraph; it can extend to two or more paragraphs related to the contents. The writer has a lot of information to provide in the body part. Generally, the writer makes mistakes in writing the body, i.e., writes everything in a haphazard manner, which leads to confusion for the reader. So the writer needs to organize content and thoughts well. The writer should write the information in a systemic flow so that the reader can comprehend it. Each point should be described in specific details within one or more paragraphs. These details can be compile material from supported research articles and experiences according to the topic. This information can be organized and expressed in sentences through transitions. In addition to these, all supportive details, writer's analysis, and discussion of the topic are combined to draw a conclusive statement that supports the essay. Transitions connect the paragraphs. Transitions can be one or two words, i.e. "first", "next", "in addition", etc. These transitions are usually used between and within the paragraph to connect one point with another or to create a flow from one topic to the next topic or form one to two sentences that lead the reader towards the next main point of the essay.


The conclusion is the last paragraph of the essay. It just represents a mirror effect of the introductory paragraph and brings all the main pieces together under one heading, but it keeps in mind that words and syntax should be different. A conclusion is also an essential and magnificent place, to sum up, or compile a story or argument. It refers back towards the main statement or question answered in this essay and leaves the final thought for the reader with a sense of closing the article by resolving the idea. Writers can wind up a piece by providing some sort of correct sentences or wrapping up a story. The essay should end with a complete conclusion without hanging threads so that no new idea or new topic should introduce the paper.

In-Text Citations

If the writer has taken supportive material or points from the research articles to explain his position in the essay or the writer cites the work of someone else in his essay, he or she should provide the link or reference of each source by using the in-text citations. Whenever you have to use in-text citation in the text, this will help the reader to found the whole story or background of the single sentence cited in the essay.

Work Cited Page or Bibliography Page

The work cited page is where the writer listed every source that was used in the essay. These citations can give in MLA Format, APA Format, or Turabian Format.

  • List the source in alphabetical order.
  • The material taken from a different frame of reference to various forms of media (print, website, lectures, etc.) must be formatted differently.
  • For example, how to write the reference from a book with format guidelines, i.e., write the last name of the author, followed by his first name. Mention the title and then the publishing information of the book, including version or edition.

Basic Essay and Paragraph Format

Parts of paragraph

In an essay, a single section discusses one idea in detail that supports the thesis of the piece or the topic statement of the article. Each section should have a topic sentence supporting details according to the main topic of the essay. Its length can determine the purpose and scope, but sometimes the paragraph has two sentences or two to three-line according to that point. Still, these sentences have their weightage according to their evidence in the literature. So sometimes, length or paragraph doesn't matter, but the material in it matters and presents its scope.

Topic sentence

The main idea of every paragraph is stated in a topic sentence representing the idea related to the thesis of the essay. Commonly the topic sentence is mentioned at the beginning of the paragraph, but the location and orientation vary according to the organization's expectation. Topic sentences often work as a transition between paragraphs.

Supporting details 

Supportive details should elaborate upon the topic sentences. Supporting details should organize and arrange a variety of sources, which should include the writer's own analysis. For example, opinions of experts, a brief explanation of the story, statistics, and facts, evidence-based research studies, personal and other experiences, interviews from the population, and writer's analysis on all this information.

Concluding Sentence

Each paragraph should end with the final statement that compiles or brings together all the ideas mentioned in the section; it can be worked as or used as the transition to the next.

Unity and coherence 

A properly formatted essay with well-structured paragraphs not only helps the writer to achieve unity and integrity but also improves and enhances the understanding of the reader related to the title of the article with evidence-based information. Well sequenced and concluding sentences will also help to develop and maintain unity throughout the whole essay. Integration is the continuity of a single idea through the entire article. Each point and its detail should reflect the logic and original focus to the title of the essay. Coherence means that each point should be linked to the previously mentioned point to maintain the flow of essay and progress logically and clearly. It is an easy way to connect the paragraphs through transitions in each topic sentence of the section.


So, to write a perfect essay, use the following tips:

  • Give an appropriate and exciting title for your essay. It will attract, help to draw the attention and pique the curiosity of the reader.
  • Before beginning the essay writing, first of all, organize your thought and prepare a rough outline or diagram of your idea; it will help you to write a story with the flow.
  • Write the statement of the essay so that it will help the reader to know the report you are supporting or not. 
  • Keep the essay within the word limit of the mentioned instructions.
  • Keep the simple language throughout the essay. Avoid confusing, unnecessary, and complicated sentences.
  • Avoid grammar mistakes, use punctuation and spelling correctly; otherwise, it will distract the reader from the topic content.
  • Write the essay under three heading, i.e., introduction, body, and conclusion.
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