What is a thesis?
A thesis is paperwork one makes over a calculated belief they have. It could be an educated opinion that is yet to be proven right or, in many cases, even wrong. It is mostly done as part of an academic paper, or a course that adds up to the final semester GPA or makes up for a grade. A thesis is checked scientifically, with professionals' and scientists’ help who perform various experiments to come to a viable conclusion. Many arguments are written every day, and each of them goes through the same process. Despite many theses being written every day, all around the world, there are still many that stand out. Requirements include categories, time, length, and the technicalities of the specific topic. A thesis is much more than an opinion, and it is actually a calculated, well thought out project instead of a blind statement. A student's or any science person’s thesis needs to be something that they actually believe in. It is something that is dear and important to them and something that can be tested realistically. A thesis is essential in the sense that it is something the writer has spent time on and thinks is worthy enough to be discussed, talked about, and experimented with or on. When it comes to writing a thesis, accuracy and detail are essential. Clarity is equally crucial, as well. The slightest mistake can cause an entire paper to mess up and cause chaos.
Every thesis can be different. It could be because every argument has a personal touch due to it being written by a different person and being on various topics. Still, there are some rules and styles of writing that may always be followed to avoid any havoc or confusion. Of course, the length and other features can vary depending on the professor, class, or even institute. They mention these requirements, and the paper should abide by these rules.
One of the most essential and critical parts of a writer's or student's thesis is the methodology. It is not as straightforward or bright as the word suggests, and it is not just the 'method.' The thesis methodology actually runs deeper than one can imagine. It is the underlying reasons and philosophy that the writer has or thinks of when he chooses specific methods. It can be looked at like a recipe that the writer follows to reach the final tasty dish. If your methodology is weak, corrupted, wrong, or not thought through, then the end product will be a disaster. It will not matter if the writer has come up with a great thesis, because if the measurements, the way or route taken is not ideal or wrong, everything ends in chaos and the whole paper loses credibility. Looking at it this way, the methodology part of a thesis is actually the part where the writer or student can prove their own selves and credibility. It is the part that can show that they are up to the task and have what it takes. The methodology is also a reflection of the mindset of the writer. It can show that they know what they are doing, and every little thing they have done, every path is taken, has a strong and valid reason behind it. It should also be noted by any aspiring thesis writer that the reasons behind every move should be well thought out and academic. These reasons can not be made based on likes or personal preferences. Every progress is written or created, and every choice made by the writer should be educated.
Parts of a methodology
The methodology section consists of about four to five subcategories. These categories include the research the writer did, the way the writer collected the data and then organized it, how the writer analyzed the data, tools, and materials that were used in the research, the experiment and the reason as well as the ideology behind choosing all of the things mentioned earlier. While starting to write the methodology, be sure to follow a safe and simple order. Do not switch between various ideas haphazardly or change styles. Pick a style and stick to it. Throughout the writer’s paper, he or she should be aware of the strengths and weaknesses and be careful to address them. When we mention power or deficiencies, it is meant that these are the strengths and weaknesses of the methods the writer has chosen. The writer should start by explaining the overall approach behind his or her work.
Qualitative and quantitative methods
The writer should discuss the problem they choose to investigate and what they think needs to be done to help answer the questions they are looking for. There are two approaches to measurements and results. There is the Quantitative method and the Qualitative one. The quantitative method consists of accurate measurements, ranking, categorising, etcetera.
On the other hand, the qualitative method consists of interpretation, description, contextualization, and just getting a general idea. There is no rule that suggests that the writer can pick only one of the two. He or she has the freedom to even mix and match, which proves to be the better option. By combining quantitative and qualitative methods, the student can get an in-depth insight into his or her work. Keeping this in mind and while the student is at this, he or she can also mention the reason for choosing this method and what kind of a result the student is looking for. After the student has made an introduction to their approach, the details should begin. If the student conducted surveys, he or she should mention where the study was conducted, what questionnaire was prepared, and how the answers were gathered. Were the solutions put on a graph? Were the responses tabulated? Was there a scale for rating? What kinds of participants were selected? What was the criterion of selection? What medium was used to conduct the survey? Was it a phone? A computer? A camera? What was the general trend in the responses? The methods of experiments should be clearly stated, as well. What kind of investigation was conducted? And what tools or techniques were used?
Similarly, if the student conducted interviews, he or she should mention what kind of questions were asked, who were the participants, and on what basis they were selected. How many people were interviewed, and what was the length of each interview? Was there a specific group of people that were talked about? How was the interview conducted and what tools or techniques were used?
The next step is for the writer to discuss and describe the methods they used for analysis. When it comes to quantitative analysis, the writer should mention how they prepared and organized the data before they analyzed it. It can include excluding essential points on the graph, checking the missing data, or transforming variables. Students should also tell which software or app they used for all of this. It could be Microsoft Excel or Stata, etcetera. After this, they should tell which methods were used. In case the student has used the qualitative approach, his/her main aim is on images, observations, and language. The plans include discourse analysis, narrative analysis, and content analysis. In discourse analysis, the person looks at communication and meaning. In the sequential analysis, the person looks at storytelling and looks into each story's meaning. On the other hand, in content analysis, there are coding and categorizing themes and ideas.
In the next step, the writer or students have to prove their intelligence and credibility. It is when the methodological choices they have made in their entire thesis are to be evaluated and justified. It is where a strong case needs to be made in favor of the methods the student has used, and they should be justified so strongly that the reader, professor, or even the institute can see the underlying reasons as well as agree with them. This can be done in two ways. The student should mention why he/she chose specific methods, but on the contrary, ALSO suggest why he/she DID NOT select the other methods and what consequences or reasons prevented him/her from doing so. To build a strong argument, the student should state the advantages of the ways he or she used, and the disadvantages of all the methods rejected. It could be in terms of suitability, availability, and even cost and time. A few weaknesses in the student’s approaches can also be mentioned, but it should be written how the disadvantages of the other methods outweigh these weaknesses by a large number.
A methodology can either make or break a thesis. A robust methodology ensures the strengthening of this paper. The student should not just describe the methods he or she used, but also be able to justify them confidently. He or she should be able to prove why the chosen method was the best option for the kind of research they needed to do or for the topic at hand. There should be small proofs everywhere why the student’s approach was the best and produced the most reliable and accurate results in the student’s given circumstances. The student should be able to convince the readers why his or her research methods suit their topic the best and are the best option for their objectives and aims. During this, match the goals with their chosen methodologies, for example. Throughout this, the student should be able to relate every action or decision to the main objectives.
To further add strength and credibility to the student's research and ideas, they should be able to cite references and proofs. These references can be from past studies done in the same field, from magazines, professors, books, and even scientists. However, in doing so, it should be noted that all references and proofs come from renowned, well known, and authentic sources. It should come from a source that is well respected by people in this field and believable. No matter how good the thesis is, if the references cited are shady, there will be doubts by the reader everywhere. In doing so, the student also confirms that he or she researched thoroughly and sincerely for the topic. By quoting all these different things, he or she can also further give evidence and explain why they chose the methods they did and how they were the most suitable. It would convince the reader that the writer actually went through everything to pick one approach and be in confidence in the writer's or student's choices when it comes to methodologies. Whatever is beside the student's own opinion or research should be referenced side by side or at the end of the paper.
Knowing the audience
While writing this paper and the methodologies, the student should know what audience they are writing for and what background this audience comes from. By being fully aware of the audience, the writer can decide what information to add and what not to. It would be unnecessary to add details that their audience would be bored with or not even understand. While writing the student is to use specific scientific and suitable terms. But taking into consideration not understanding, the student, when something uncommon pops up, should explain it briefly, what it means, so the reader is not totally confused or feels left out of this world. If the information the writer gives is familiar to their field and audience, then no unnecessary explanations to be delivered. In either case, the methodology the student chooses to write on should be clearly stated, simplified, and explained. There should be no room for confusion or doubts. It should not just be a detail or table of numbers and figures or apparatuses. The student should also keep it real while writing this. Any shortcomings or difficulties they faced should be noted. How these difficulties were overcome or how an alternative was picked for more accuracy, this should also be mentioned.